As Network Function Virtualization (NFV) continues to rapidly evolve, the understanding of closed-loop use cases is improving. What we are finding, however, is that there is no single ‘picture’ of a closed-loop system, but in effect, a whole gallery of images with different themes and colors. Each use case is very different in its scale, in the complexity of the decision making, and in the required time constraints for execution. Despite this diversity, there does remain a common set of shared steps. Read Yuval’s white paper on the subject to learn more.